Neuroscience

Do not buy into the false belief that neuroscientists actually know what the brain is doing.

Understand that most neuroscientific “facts” are inherently making statistical, not factual, statements. For example: Broca’s area is probably involved in language production, insomuch as there is a brain region that can be clearly identified as “Broca’s area” in any one given person. There’s a reason why neurosurgeons do electrical stimulation mapping prior to tissue resection: nothing in the brain is ever as simple as textbooks indicate.

Think critically about any statements you encounter in the neuroscientific literature and in your own thinking; e.g.: What does it mean for a brain region to be “involved in a task”? Can you have neural correlates of a behavior without needing that neural region? How are the researchers operationalizing “attention”, “memory”, “emotion”, etc.? Are they measuring what they say they’re measuring?

What does a neuron do?

Seriously. Think about this one hard.

Look to the literature before you start your research. A lot of cool single-unit work was done in the 1960s and 70s that’s been forgotten. But don’t mistake old research as Truth, either.